This is not a PPLNS, SMPPS or RBPPS pool: we always pay for your work, even if the pool has not yet solved enough blocks to cover the earnings generated. On other systems, miners are only rewarded when and if a block matures, but sometimes blocks get orphaned from the Litecoin network, and therefore yield no reward. A PPS pool, on the other hand, takes on the risk of bad luck so you don’t have to deal with variance and orphaned blocks.
For the miners, it’s an effort to uncover the approximately 20% of the 21 million Bitcoins that have yet to be mined from the code which manages the currency. As fewer Bitcoins are available, the miners require more energy to uncover the hidden treasure.
One of the detainees, Abu Zubaydah, was subjected to waterboarding, sleep deprivation, being slammed against a wall, and more. “After several waterboarding sessions,” The New Yorker’s Dexter Filkins reported, “Abu Zubaydah was so broken that, when a C.I.A. agent snapped his fingers twice, he would lie down on the waterboard, naked and dirty, to await his torture.” The CIA claimed torturing Abu Zubaydah saved lives; Zubaydah’s FBI interrogator Ali Soufan wrote that all the actionable intelligence was gleaned prior to his being tortured. Abd al-Rahim al-Nashiri, another detainee tortured under Haspel’s supervision, provided “essentially no actionable information,” according to a CIA interrogator cited in the Senate Intelligence Committee’s torture report.
Case in point: One small manufacturing town in upstate New York is considering an 18-month moratorium on new commercial operations that mine Bitcoin altcoins — the process by which individuals and companies can help verify cyrptocurrency transactions while earning digital coins as a reward.
But curiously, they seem to have no difficulty in understanding what other people think, want, or believe—the skill variously known as perspective-taking, mentalizing, or theory of mind. “Their behavior seems to suggest that they don’t consider the thoughts of others,” says Baskin-Sommers, but their performance on experiments suggests otherwise. When they hear a story and are asked to explicitly say what a character is thinking, they can.
In the first months after the launch of Litecoin, most pools used a share difficulty of 2-16 or 2-15. They could have used even lower values, but there was no point in doing that. After GPU mining became widespread, most pools moved to higher difficulties, such as 2-12. The reason behind this was to decrease bandwidth usage, as a higher share difficulty results in fewer shares being submitted. While this change doesn’t affect mining rewards, there is a minor downside, and that’s that the precision of speed estimates gets drastically reduced.
“We’ve seen malicious websites use embedded scripting to deliver malware, force ads, and force browsing to specific websites,” says Karl Sigler, threat intelligence research manager at SpiderLabs, which does malware research for the scanner Trustwave. “We’ve also seen malware that focuses on either stealing cryptocurrency wallets or mining in the background. Combine the two together and you have a match made in hell.”
The precipitating event came in the form of 40,000-year-old Neanderthal bones found in a Croatian cave. So well-preserved were the bones that they yielded enough DNA for sequencing, and it became Reich’s job in 2007 to analyze the DNA for signs that Neanderthals interbred with humans—a idea he was “deeply suspicious” of at the time.
Coinhive’s massive Web audience isn’t lost on other companies. Collin Mulliner, a security researcher and developer of TelStop, said he recently received an e-mail from a startup called Medsweb inviting him to integrate a Monero miner into his creation. “If your app is deployed on thousands/millions of devices, you can monetize it with monero mining and earn really huge income,” the unsolicited e-mail stated. “We manage all the complexity of backend servers and mining operations and you get a really simple control panel to monitor your hashrate and earnings.”
Ad blocker AdGuard recently reported that 220 sites on the Alexa top 100,000 list serve crypto mining scripts to more than 500 million people. In three weeks, AdGuard estimated, the sites generated a collective $43,000. Both AdGuard, antimalware provider Malwarebytes, and a variety of their peers have recently started blocking or restricting access to Coinhive crypto mining. Both AdGuard and Malwarebytes give end users who want to support a site using Coinhive the option of accessing the mining script. In announcing the move, Malwarebytes wrote:
JP Buntinx is a FinTech and Bitcoin enthusiast living in Belgium. His passion for finance and technology made him one of the world’s leading freelance Bitcoin writers, and he aims to achieve the same level of respect in the FinTech sector.
Much has been made of President Trump’s disregard for rules and norms—boundaries delineated by ethics and morality if not written laws themselves. But transgressing laws, rules, and norms isn’t the only way to destroy them. Another way is simply not to enforce them.